DigitalOcean S3 compatible object storage called Spaces allows you to store and serve large amounts of data. They are easy to create and are ready to be used within seconds without any configuration. They are ideal for storing static unstructured data like audio, video and images as well as binary files, archives, backups etc.
What’s so cool about Spaces compared to Amazon S3 is the fact that their pricing structure is WAY more easier to understand and predict. For $5/month you get 250 GB of storage and 1 TB of outbound transfer (inbound/upload is always free). Every additional GB stored costs $0.02 and every additional GB transferred costs $0.01. On top of that you can even serve these files utilizing use their free CDN service at no additional cost! (This alone on Amazon CloudFront can cost you a little fortune!).
Now back to the main topic: mounting DigitalOcean Space as a folder on your server that can be used to store any kind of data.
1. To start with the process you’ll need to install s3fs and some dependencies for it to work normally:
sudo yum update
sudo yum install automake autotools-dev fuse g++ git libcurl4-gnutls-dev libfuse-dev libssl-dev libxml2-dev make pkg-config
git clone https://github.com/s3fs-fuse/s3fs-fuse.git
sudo make install
2. Next you’ll need to create a file that will hold your Spaces API Key and Secret Key (don’t forget to replace these keys with KEY:SECRET_KEY’ in the command below):
echo 'KEY:SECRET_KEY' > ~/.passwd-s3fs
chmod 600 ~/.passwd-s3fs
3. Now we need to create a folder that will be a mounting point for Spaces
4. Now we can mount the Space
s3fs SPACE_NAME /backup -o passwd_file=~/.passwd-s3fs -o url=https://nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com -o use_path_request_style
If your space is not in New York than Amsterdam or somewhere else: replace nyc3 with ams3 or the whatever is correct.
By this point the your DigitalOcean space should be mounted at /spaces path and you’ll be able to use it just any local folder. You could copy files in and out, rsync data there etc. Note that accessing files in that folder is done over your networks since these files are actually hosted remotely and that will burn your server’s bandwidth. You can see that this folder is mounted if you run df -h in the command line. In case you need to unmount it for any reason:let’s say you’re writing a backup bash script where it will mount the Space copy backups over and unmount it when it’s done, all you need to run is umount /backup and it’s done!
If you reboot your system this folder will not get mounted again so in order for that to be done on the boot you’ll need to edit fstab file that is located at /etc/fstab. Open the file for editing in your favorite text editor and add this line at the end of the file:
s3fs#SPACE_NAME /backup fuse allow_other,_netdev,nosuid,nodev,url=https://nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com 0 0
After saving the changes to fstab file run:
sudo mount -a
Now the Space will be auto-mounted on every server boot. Now you can host unlimited number of files there and access them easily. You can mount same Space on couple servers so they all can access them at the same time or use it for your backups… There are so many situations where this can be incredibly useful and I don’t have a doubt you’ll use this to create something really cool.
For the past several years I have been using Amazon S3 to backup my WHM/cPanel accounts. It works quite good but the problem is Amazon’s complex pricing model (that charges you for things like diskspace, bandwidth, requests) making price for the service is quite unpredictable. I’ve read on many places that people often got surprised at the end of the month receiving the bill from Amazon.
Recently I have started testing DigitalOcean Spaces, a service similar to Amazon’s S3 (S3 compatible alternative) but with a pricing structure anyone can understand: for $5/month you get 250 GB of storage and 1 TB of outbound transfer (inbound transfer is free like on S3). If you need more than that it will cost you 2cents per every additional GB of storage and 1cent for every additional of outbound GB. Also first two months for every new space are free!
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While experimenting with s3fs I have also found out another tool written in go programming language that named Goofys. Like s3fs, this tool can also mount Amazon S3 bucket as a folder that can later be accessed just like any other local folder making accessing files in S3 bucket, backing up data or syncing files quite easy. Detailed installation manual for Goofys covers only Mac while Linux installation guide is basically non-existing, so this will be my guide on how to install Goofys and mount Amazon S3 bucket on an Ubuntu Linux. This has been tested on DigitalOcean droplet running a Ubuntu version 16.04.3 x64. If you’re also testing this out on a new VPS like me – make sure to execute apt-get update before you start.
But why would anyone want to use Goofys if s3fs is working fine? Well, according to benchmarks available at Goofys github main reason you would like to use this is performance! Goofys is much faster than s3fs. For some operations Goofys is ten times faster than s3fs making it the right choice for situations when you need access to S3 to be really fast (or as close as it being just a folder on the same drive).
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If you’re using Google Drive it’s default path is c:\User\USER_NAME\Google Drive\ but often my partition on c: is quite small since I only use it for operating system and I store all my data on other drives. So I’d like Google Drive to backup my data on other drive and still allow me to access it in my user’s folder. The idea is to create a symbolic link so that C:\User\USER_NAME\Google Drive\ links to e:\Backup in my case (or some other path in your case).
First close (quit) the Google Drive application.
1. Now you need to go and remove directory and all it’s files from C:\User\USER_NAME\Google Drive\ (or simply rename the folder or copy all files to your 2nd backup folder on other drive).
2. Than you need to run CMD as Administrator – see the picture below how:
3. Then you need to make Smbolic link. But not a shortcut link than directory redirect link, entering mklink /D “c:\Users\USER_NAME\Google Drive” e:\Backup
If your backup path contains spaces put it in double quotes too like the fist path.
Start the Google Drive and Snyc your data.
Google Drive is great cloud service where you can store online or backup all your important files that you can later access wherever you are just by logging into your Gmail (Google) account and going to http://drive.google.com. You can drag and drop files to your browser while on that url or you can install their application that will sync a selected folder to the cloud. Problem is I can’t change the language on my Google Drive since there is nowhere to do so. I prefer that my Windows and all applications are in English. I have searched the Google Drive’s settings but seen nowhere to change settings but than I searched a bit more and I found rather simple solution.
Before you start you should close Google Drive.
Then you need to go to Control Panel -> System -> Advanced System Settings -> Advanced -> Environment Variables.
Then on user variables press New button for Variable name enter LANG and for value enter en_US.
Restart the Google Drive and it should work now in English.
Easy as a pie!
Here’s a screenshot of the windows that might help you find your way trough:
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